Empowering The People: Executive Restructuring

Flatter organizations eliminate bureaucracy, increase productivity, and facilitate communication. Less managerial levels from top management to front-line employees, more responsibilities have to be delegated at each level, and each manager will have to oversee a larger number of subordinates. The recommended structure for effective execution is 5 levels with an average of 7 subordinates. Lets try to take the Executive’s Ministries and mold it, using that simple rule, into a more productive executive structure.

First and foremost, I would recommend consolidating Egypt’s 38 scattered and powerless ministries into 7 powerful ministries within numerous synergies emerging from the consolidation and a distinct authority for each. I have looked through the structures of most ministries and made sure that all roles are fulfilled within the proposed structure. Here is my recommendation for a renewed Executive Body and what it would entail.

Ministry of Defense: Department of Army, Department of Navy, Department of Air Force, Department of Special Forces, Department of Coastal Guard, Department of Defense, Investigation, Department of Military Administration.

Ministry of Interior Affairs: Department of State Investigation, Department of Criminal Investigation, Department of Security Forces, Department of Specialized Forces, Department of Civil Defense, Department of Prisons, Department of Interior Affairs Administration.

Ministry of International Affairs, Department of International Cooperation, Department of Consulate Affairs, Department of European Affairs, Department of American Affairs, Department of Arabic and Middle Eastern Affairs, Department of African Affairs, Department of Asian & Australian Affairs.

Ministry of Finance: Department of Treasury, Department of Central Bank, Department of Capital Markets, Department of Asset Management, Department of Insurance, Department of Investments, Department of Mortgage Finance.

Ministry of Business: Department of Mining & Petroleum, Department of Manufacturing, Department of Trade, Department of Agriculture, Department of Tourism & Transport, Department of Technology & Communication, Department of Financial Services.

Ministry of Standard of Living: Department of Energy, Department of Education, Department of Faith, Department of Health, Department of Urban Planning, Department of Social Affairs, Department of Justice.

Ministry of Travel & Leisure: Department of Ports, Department of Cultural Sites, Department of Arts, Department of Hospitality, Department of Sports, Department of Media, Department of Communication.

Consolidating the ministries down to 7 would  grant each ministry a well-rounded responsibility and sufficient authority to actually make a difference. The ministries are distributed equally among each of our countries’ missions and pillars for growth: Security, Economic, and Social thus balancing between each of the three angles through which we should tackle our future. We do not want the entire government to be tackling one issue at the expense of  others since doing so, historically, has been proven to be a failure.


About forwardegypt

Egypt: Ideas for empowering the people, creating wealth, and improving standards of living
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4 Responses to Empowering The People: Executive Restructuring

  1. Basem Salah says:

    Hello. your vision is well presented and organized. are you a student of political science? it will be great of you take this to the next level and create parallels. in other words, what in the current system falls where in your plan. this is great effort and i congratulate you on it. all the best.

    • forwardegypt says:

      Thank you Bassem, really appreciate your feedback! I actually have no political background, but I guess Economics is not that far, will def. work on comparing to current pitfalls as you suggested.

  2. Kasey156 says:

    Who appoints Ministers? How much power do we give to which sections of government?

  3. Kat_Mo says:

    The first thing I would look at is the total overhaul of the MOI, its responsibilities and how many agencies it controls.

    What are the responsibilities of each of these organizations?
    Do any of them overlap?
    What parts, powers and law enforcement of this ministry should not be held at the state level (ie, controlled by a powerful executive), but should be at the local level?
    How is funding appropriated for these organizations (ie, paid from the national level or the district)?

    I am saying this because I am somewhat familiar with your problems pertaining to abuse of power, corruption and possibly that this ministry is a major money drain.

    One of the things that should be looked at is to disrupt misuse of power, corruption and any potential for any section within the ministry to unduly influence judicial proceedings. It is one thing to say and establish the separate, independent powers of the executive, legislative and judiciary and it is another to keep it that way.

    For instance, you could look at several European models, or Canada or the United States. Police forces are local, paid by local taxes and controlled by police chiefs and a board, locally. They are responsible only for investigating crimes, patrolling and traffic in their district/jurisdiction. This would include larceny, burglary, assault, etc. This would mean that they would be less likely to be used by the state executive to oppress people.

    By necessity, you would have to insure strong anti-corruption laws, individual rights and rights to privacy for citizens. Local police ethics boards made up of local citizens to oversee each jurisdiction’s policing activities and stiff penalties for abuse, fraud and corruption. The Chief of police is appointed by the mayor of the city based on technical or career achievements, not political and approved by the local city or town council.

    another way to insure that the power of the local police is broken up and limited against abuse is to make sure that the local police departments are broken up. For instance, Cairo should be broken into multiple districts/jurisdictions, controlled locally with different chiefs over each. that way each of these will be want to guard their districts, be jealous of their own power and be less likely to cooperate in any large effort to suppress or abuse whole parts of society. They will not owe their allegiance to some greater chief, executive or organization.

    Of course, they will be forced to cooperate through the law in apprehending any criminal in their area that is wanted in any other, but cooperation in politically subversive activities will be broken.

    Some crimes would by necessity be considered “state crimes” and would fall under the state bureau for investigation. Corruption in any political, government or police department. Crimes of fraud, kidnapping, or murder that crosses more than one of the 27(?) political districts in Egypt. Those are just examples, but the important aspects are to make sure that their power is limited by limiting what they can investigate and their power in any jurisdiction. For instance, in some cases in the United States, the FBI must be invited to join an investigation by the local authorities.

    Most importantly, as stated earlier, you need to establish very strong personal rights for individuals.

    Also, please advise as to what “specialized forces” are. If it is riot police, that should be the responsibility of local police. If it is “counter terrorism”, that should fall under the control of the state bureau of investigation for internal matters and any intelligence agency for issues outside of the country (and their powers for investigation or their jurisdiction must be strictly separated and outlined).

    Look at this closely and make sure that no force is so powerful or under the direct control of one person. In fact, if I were you all, I would probably look at removing some of these departments from the MOI period. Why not make the state criminal investigation department a separate entity with a separate bureau chief who is not beholding to the MOI and whose appointment is based on technical or career achievements instead of political appointment? Must be approved by the parliament.

    In all cases, state law enforcement agencies must have separate budgets, not fall under one budget for the MOI. Each of these budgets must be approved by the parliament.

    What more can I say? Separate, separate, separate. Centralized power is dangerous. This you already know.

    Just a few thoughts (sorry if they are disjointed).

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